The Italian legal system provides for different procedures which vary according to the kind of relationships (the so-called “Connection” – “Connessione”) that exist between the claims. In particular, claims can be subjectively or objectively connected depending upon whether they have, respectively, the same parties or objects.

Nevertheless, the above-mentioned identity relationships between the claims are not sufficient in themselves to give rise to what is normally understood by “group action”. Reference has to be made to Cumulative Actions, through which multiple victims seek protection for their individual interests by combining their claims in a single claim. However, every plaintiff remains the only person who has the right of initiative and who must provide an individual Power of Attorney.

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